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What are Some Mirena IUD Hormone Side Effects?

The Mirena intrauterine device (IUD) can be a convenient, effective form of birth control for many women, but some might experience side effects from the hormones the device contains.

A Mirena IUD is different from other IUDs on the market because it contains the hormone levenorgestrel, which works to not only prevent pregnancy, but to also lessen the symptoms of heavy menstrual bleeding. In fact, many women who rely on Mirena for birth control report that their periods not only become significantly lighter, but in some cases cease completely.

The Hormones in Mirena Might Cause Certain Side Effects

The chief side effect associated with Mirena is lightening and lessening of menstrual periods. There are, however, other side effects that can occur.

Some of them could be associated with the hormone contained in the device and might include:

  • — Headaches
  • — Abdominal Pain
  • — Vaginal discharge
  • — Changes in mood
  • — Acne
  • — Breast pain
  • — Ovarian cysts
  • — Expelling of the device
  • — Migration of the device outside the uterus
  • — Perforation of the uterus

Some of the side effects listed are similar to what a woman might experience if she took birth control pills. The hormone used in MIrena is similar to ones used in oral contraceptives.

Ideally, an IUD like Mirena is recommended for women who have already had one or more children, and have no immediate plans to expand their families. The device can effectively prevent pregnancy for up to ten years, and the related side effects could be long-term as well. It is important for women to do their homework when it comes to birth control, and discuss the risks and benefits of each option with their physicians. It is possible that some women might not be ideal candidates for an IUD, due to certain health concerns, as well as a family history of certain conditions and illnesses.